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ROSACEA

Compassionate and Comprehensive Rosacea Treatment

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterized by facial redness with or without pimples on your cheeks, forehead, nose, and chin. Along with redness, people with rosacea may also experience:

  • skin sensitivities

  • stinging or burning

  • pus-filled bumps that look similar to acne

  • broken blood vessels

  • swelling and thickening skin

  • irritated, gritty feeling eyes and swollen eyelids.

The symptoms tend to come and go, usually set off by a trigger (more details below). 


Who Gets Rosacea?

    Rosacea tends to affect women more than men, but when men get it, it tends to be more severe. The average age of onset for rosacea is in someone’s thirties, forties, or fifties, but it can affect anyone at anytime. It is thought that more fair-skinned individuals are affected by rosacea, but the condition may be under diagnosed in dark-skinned patients because dark skin can mask facial redness.

Types of Rosacea

There are 4 types of rosacea (you can have one or more at the same time):

    Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea-flushing and persistent redness with visible blood vessels, no pimples

    Papulopustular rosacea-similar to erythematotelangiectatic rosacea but with pimples

    Phymatous rosacea-skin thickening and nose enlargement, called rhinophyma, from excess oil gland tissue

    Ocular rosacea-affects the eyes; includes gritty feeling eyes, swollen eyelids, tearing and burning with recurrent styes or cysts


What Causes Rosacea? 

    The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, but it could be due to an overactive immune system, heredity, and environmental factors. There are many factors that can trigger rosacea flares, including but not limited to:

    Alcohol, especially red wine

   Spicy foods

   Caffeine

   Hot beverages

   Dairy

   Sunlight

   Wind

   Extreme hot or extreme cold temperatures

   Exercise

   Emotions and stress

   Certain medications

   Smoking

How is Rosacea Diagnosed?

A rosacea diagnosis is usually made by obtaining a good medical history and performing a good visual inspection by a dermatologist. Other skin conditions can mimic rosacea, such as acne, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, and lupus. Rarely are skin biopsies or other diagnostic tests needed to make a rosacea diagnosis, but to rule out other skin conditions that mimic rosacea, sometimes a skin biopsy is required.


How Do Dermatologists Treat Rosacea?

    People often ask what is the most effective treatment for rosacea? That can be different for everyone and depends greatly on the subtype of rosacea the patient is diagnosed with. Certainly avoiding triggers helps, but getting a prescribed skin care treatment plan is essential. 

    Prescription medications include:

    topical medications-sulfur, metronidazole, azelaic acid, retinol

    oral antibiotics-doxycycline

    cosmetic lasers

 Danielle LeClair, NP will work with you to determine your triggers and to get you the treatment regimen that will work best for you. If you are ready to get your rosacea under control, give us a call at 410-870-8225 to schedule an appointment today.